What is Enlarged Prostate?

The prostate is the semen-producing gland located below your bladder. An enlarged prostate simply means your prostate has grown larger, and this can cause problems with urination due to the location of the prostate. Although exact causes of enlarged prostate are unknown, aging and testosterone levels are major contributing factors to your likelihood of developing it.

Enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). By age 60, roughly half of all men will have BPH and by age 85, about 90% of men will have it. Because of how common BPH is, symptoms of BPH can be ignored as natural aging processes. For this reason, many men will never seek treatment even though BPH can be treated with medication.


The most common symptoms of BPH are problems with urination. You may feel the need to pee more frequently, and urinating may not feel as satisfying due to the bladder not emptying entirely. This is due to the pressure an enlarged prostate places on your urethra where it attaches to your bladder.

Urine remaining in the bladder for extended periods can increase the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) or bladder infections. UTIs can cause pain and more serious bathroom problems, as well as kidney infections if left untreated.


Talk to your doctor if you experience any symptoms of BPH as outlined above, or if you have any other concerns around your urination. If your doctor finds that you have BPH, you may be given medication to reduce the size of the prostate. This relieves the symptoms within a few days for most men, and if you do not see improvements after a round of medication your doctor may recommend surgery to remove excess tissue.

Enlarged prostate is a common issue faced by most men as they age, but keep in mind that it can cause more serious problems if left untreated, and treatment is a simple way to return your bladder to working order.

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Although common knowledge says that as we age our urine stream weakens, this process is not, in most cases, caused by your bladder weakening over time. Rather, a weakening stream is often caused by enlargement of the prostate. The prostate is the semen-producing gland located around the urethra where it attaches to your bladder. Right around your mid-twenties, your prostate will begin to grow naturally in a process called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This process is non-cancerous and is not correlated with prostate cancer as far as we know. <h2>Symptoms</h2> Because of its location, your prostate can grow to a large enough size that it begins to affect your urination, and this is most commonly the source of a weakening urine stream as your body ages. More than half of men with BPH may never show symptoms, but BPH can produce symptoms that negatively affect your daily routine and cause discomfort or even misery due to interruptions of your sleep cycle. Symptoms of BPH can include: <ul> <li>A hesitant and/or interrupted urine stream</li> <li>A more urgent need to pee</li> <li>Leaking or dribbling before you get to the bathroom</li> <li>A sense that your bladder is not empty after you pee</li> <li>Frequent urination that wakes you up in the night.</li> </ul> Contact your doctor if you experience any of the above symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe medication to shrink your prostate down to a more reasonable size. If this does not alleviate symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove excess prostate tissue. <h2>Getting ahead of the curve</h2> Keeping tabs on your urine stream means being aware of your BPH before the symptoms affect your everyday life and cause you grief. There’s no better way to keep tabs on your stream than proudP. Using deep-learning technology validated in multiple clinical studies and internal lab tests, proudP can tell if your stream is weakening before you notice anything. Weakening of your urine stream is gradual, meaning that without more severe symptoms of BPH you may not notice any change until it’s too late. Because it is precise, using acoustics and uroflowmetry to measure the strength of your urine stream, proudP will pick up on even a tiny change and notify you if it feels you should contact a urologist. Use proudP to keep in touch with your body, so you can seek care fast and get on with your life.

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I can’t empty my bladder when I pee

Most men will experience a weaker urine stream as they age, and this weakness can cause unsatisfying urination. You may feel like your bladder isn’t empty, but that you also can’t get any more urine out. This is called urinary hesitancy. Urinary hesitancy is not a disease, but a condition that can be caused by many underlying processes. Many will simply chalk this process up to aging. In reality, there are many possible underlying causes that are treatable. This can be done either through medication or simply identifying a cause and removing it from your life. <h2>Enlarged Prostate</h2> The most common cause of urinary hesitancy. as men age is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is a noncancerous enlargement of the male prostate. The prostate is the semen-producing gland that surrounds your urethra where it connects to your bladder. Due to its location, enlargement of the gland (BPH) can affect your urination, making it difficult to pee. Some signs that you have BPH may include: <ul> <li>A hesitant and/or interrupted urine stream</li> <li>A more urgent need to pee</li> <li>Leaking or dribbling before you get to the bathroom</li> <li>A sense that your bladder is not empty after you pee</li> <li>Frequent urination that wakes you up in the night.</li> </ul> If you experience any of the above symptoms, you should contact your doctor. They may recommend medications to shrink the prostate to a more reasonable size, and if your prostate doesn’t respond to that they may recommend surgery to remove excess tissue. In either case, BPH is a reversible condition when treated by medical professionals. <h2>Certain Medications</h2> There are a host of medications that can affect your ability to pee. Anything from muscle relaxants to antidepressants to even certain allergy medications can temporarily make it difficult to pee or make peeing less satisfying. If you’ve recently started taking medications of this nature, this may be the cause of your unsatisfying urination. <h2>Surgery</h2> Surgery can actually cause urinary hesitancy in days following the procedure. Anesthetics given during surgery can cause problems with the nerves in your bladder, especially if your bladder fills during the surgery. Normally, a single visit to the doctor’s office is enough to solve this problem, as it is usually resolved once the bladder is emptied. <h2>Nerve Damage</h2> If your brain is unable to get the signal that your bladder is full, it can cause urinary hesitancy. Because of this, another cause of urine hesitancy is diseases or conditions that damage the nervous system. Some of these underlying conditions include: <ul> <li>A Stroke</li> <li>Diabetes</li> <li>Multiple Sclerosis (MS)</li> <li>Parkinson’s Disease</li> <li>Injuries to the brain or spinal cord.</li> <li>Other causes</li> </ul> While the causes listed above are the most common, there are other conditions that can cause urine hesitancy. Some of these include: <ul> <li>Prostatitis (Prostate infection that causes swelling)</li> <li>Urinary tract infections (UTIs)</li> <li>Bladder or Kidney stones partially blocking the flow of urine</li> <li>Hard stools in your rectum caused by constipation</li> <li>In rare cases, tumors or cancer can block the bladder or urethra</li> </ul> If urinating causes you any pain, if you’re unable to pee, if there is blood in your urine, or if your urine is cloudy, you should seek immediate medical attention. These are signs of infections of the urinary tract or prostate and could mean something even more serious.

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What are the typical symptoms of an enlarged prostate?

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